Մասնակից:Anushik Davtyan/Ավազարկղ

Զելենսկի (ուկր.՝ Володимир Олександрович Зеленський; born 25 January 1978),յհդկո;ոյց;լՔՅ;ԼՈՑլդնյոն։ մոսկովյան

Prior to his political career, he obtained a degree in law, and created a production company, Kvartal 95, which produces films, cartoons and TV comedy shows.[1] Kvartal 95 created a television series called Servant of the People, in which Zelensky played the role of President of Ukraine. The series aired from 2015 to 2019. A political party of the same name was created in March 2018 by employees of Kvartal 95.[2][3]

Zelensky announced his candidacy on the eve of 31 December 2018, upstaging the New Year's Eve address of President Petro Poroshenko, on the 1+1 TV Channel.[4] Six months before Zelensky announced his candidacy, he was already one of the frontrunners in opinion polls for the election.[5][6][3] Zelensky won the 2019 Ukrainian presidential election with 73.22% of the vote, defeating incumbent Petro Poroshenko.[7]

ֆասցվասբՍավսՍԴԴՍ<<>>«»hersbeasersgrtesrrehe

Վաղ տարիներԽմբագրել

ոեգեաեվաե[8][9][10] His father, Oleksandr Zelensky, is a professor who heads an academic department of cybernetics and computing hardware at the Kryvyi Rih Institute of Economics; his mother, Rimma Zelenska, used to work as an engineer[11][12]։[13] Prior to starting elementary school, he lived for four years in Mongolia in the city of Erdenet where his father worked.[8]

Zelensky studied law at the Kyiv National Economic University department in his native Kryvyi Rih but has not worked professionally in the legal field.[8][6]

Entertainment careerԽմբագրել

At age 17, he joined the local KVN team (a comedy competition) and was soon invited to join the united Ukrainian team "Zaporizhia-Kryvyi Rih-Transit" which performed in the KVN's Major League and eventually won in 1997.[8][14][15] That same year, he created and headed the Kvartal 95 team which later transformed into the comedy outfit Kvartal 95. From 1998 to 2003, Kvartal 95 performed in the Major League and the highest open Ukrainian league of KVN, the team members spent a lot of the time in Moscow and constantly toured around post-Soviet countries.[8][14] In 2003, Kvartal 95 started producing TV shows for the Ukrainian TV channel 1+1, and in 2005 the team moved to fellow Ukrainian TV channel Inter.[8]

In 2008, he starred in the feature film Love in the Big City, and its sequel, Love in the Big City 2.[8] Zelensky continued his movie career with the film Office Romance. Our Time in 2011 and with Rzhevsky Versus Napoleon in 2012.[8] Love in the Big City 3 was released in January 2014.[8] Zelensky also played the leading role in the 2012 film 8 First Dates and in sequels which were produced in 2015 and 2016.[8]

Zelensky was a member of the board and the general producer of the TV channel Inter from 2010 to 2012.[6]

In August 2014, Zelensky spoke out against the intention of the Ukrainian Ministry of Culture to ban Russian artists from Ukraine.[16] Since 2015, Ukraine has banned Russian artists and other Russian works of culture from entering Ukraine.[17] In 2018, the romantic comedy Love in the Big City 2 starring Zelensky was banned in Ukraine.[18]

After the Ukrainian media had reported that during the War in Donbass Zelensky's Kvartal 95 had donated 1 million hryvnias to the Ukrainian army, Russian politicians and artists petitioned for a ban on his works in Russia.[19][Ն 1] Zelensky spoke out against the intention of the Ukrainian Ministry of Culture to ban Russian artists from Ukraine.[16]

 
յգգյկֆ

In 2015, Zelensky became the star of the popular television series Servant of the People, where he plays the role of the President of Ukraine.[6] In the series, Zelensky's character is a thirty-something high-school history teacher who wins the presidential election after a viral video shows him ranting against government corruption in Ukraine.

Zelensky worked mostly in Russian. His first role in the Ukrainian language was planned as the romantic comedy "Կաղապար:Illm",[20] which appeared on the screens of Ukraine in December 2018.[21] The first version of the script was written in Ukrainian but was translated into Russian for the Lithuanian actress Agnė Grudytė (lt). Then the movie was dubbed into Ukrainian;[22] the quality of dubbing was criticized by reviewers.[23][24]

In December 2018, Zelensky stated that "Kvartal 95" had made its last movie with its legal Russian subsidiary in 2012 and that its office in Moscow had been shuttered in 2014.[25] In January 2019 he said that he still has shared commercial interests with Russian companies, but only as a co-owner of a Cyprus-registered firm "Green Family LTD" that, in turn, owns the Russian film making company Grin Films.[26] Zelensky also stated that he had no role in Grin Films' successful application for a grant from the Russian Ministry of Culture.[26]

Political careerԽմբագրել

The political party Servant of the People was created in March 2018 by people from the television production company Kvartal 95, which also created the television series of the same name.[2][3][27]

In a March 2019 interview with Der Spiegel, Zelensky stated he went into politics to restore trust in politicians and that he wanted "to bring professional, decent people to power" and "would really like to change the mood and timbre of the political establishment, as much as possible".[2][3][27]

Starting off on just December 31, 2018,[4] Zelensky led a successful,[28] almost entirely virtual,[29][30] presidential campaign to unseat the incumbent President of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, in just 3–4 months. Zelensky clearly won both the first round of elections March 31,[31] and the run-off election on April 21, 2019.[7]

Presidential campaign 2019Խմբագրել

Six months before he announced his candidacy for the Ukrainian Presidential Election in 2019 (December 31, 2018), Zelensky was already one of the frontrunners in opinion polls.[5][6][3][Ն 2] After months of ambiguous responses,[32][3][27] during the Kvartal 95 New Year's Eve evening show on the TV channel 1+1, he announced[Ն 3] his candidacy for the 2019 presidential election.[6] In-so-doing, he up-staged the New Year's Eve address of President Petro Poroshenko on that particular channel.[4] Zelensky later denied that up-staging the president was intentional, and attributed this to a technical glitch.[33]

During the election campaign Zelensky continued to tour with Kvartal 95.[34] During the campaign his engagement with mainstream media was minimal.[29][Ն 4] He talked to the electorate on social media channels and in YouTube clips.[29] On 16 April 2019, 20 Ukrainian news outlets called on Zelensky to stop avoiding journalists.[29] Two days later, Zelensky stated that he was not hiding from journalists but that he did not want to go to talk shows where "people of the old power" were "just doing PR" and that he just did not have time to satisfy all interview requests.[36] Prior to the elections, Zelensky presented a team that included former Finance Minister Oleksandr Danylyuk and others.[37][35] During the campaign, concerns were raised over his links to the oligarch Ihor Kolomoyskyi.[38] Zelensky was elected President of Ukraine on 21 April 2019, beating incumbent President Petro Poroshenko with nearly 73% of the vote to Poroshenko's 25%.

French President Emmanuel Macron received Zelensky at the Élysée Palace in Paris on 12 April 2019.[39]

Polish President Andrzej Duda was first of the European leaders to congratulate Zelensky.[40]

On 22 April, Ukrayinska Pravda and Agence France-Presse reported that the U.S. President Donald Trump congratulated Zelensky on his victory over the telephone. At that moment Zelensky had scored over 73% of the votes out of the 99% of the ballots counted.[41][42]

European Commission President Jean Claude Juncker and European Council President Donald Tusk also issued a joint letter of congratulations and stated that the European Union (EU) will work to speed up the implementation of the remainder of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, including the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area.[43]

Political viewsԽմբագրել

Zelensky supported the 2013–14 Euromaidan movement. During the War in Donbass, he actively supported the Ukrainian army.[6]

During his presidential campaign, Zelensky said that he supported Ukraine becoming a member of the European Union and NATO, but he said Ukrainian voters should decide on the country's membership of these two organisations in referendums.[44] At the same time, he believed that the Ukrainian people had already chosen "eurointegration".[Ն 5][44] Zelensky's chief of staff Ivan Bakanov also said that Zelensky's policy is supportive of membership of both the EU and NATO, and proposes holding referendums on membership.[45] Zelensky's electoral programme claimed that Ukrainian NATO membership is "the choice of the Maidan and the course that is enshrined in the Constitution, in addition, it is an instrument for strengthening our defense capability".[46] The program states that Ukraine should set the goal to apply for a NATO Membership Action Plan in 2024.[46] The programme also states that Zelensky "will do everything to ensure" that Ukraine can apply for European Union membership in 2024.[47] Two days before the second round, Zelensky stated that he wanted to build "a strong, powerful, free Ukraine, which is not the younger sister of Russia, which is not a corrupt partner of Europe, but our independent Ukraine".[48]

Zelensky promised that his first bill "On People's Power" will provide a mechanism for referendums. He also promised bills to fight corruption, including removal of immunity from the president of the country, members of the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian parliament) and judges, a law about impeachment, reform of election laws, and providing efficient trial by jury. He promised to bring the salary for military personnel "to the level of NATO standards".[49]

Zelensky stated that as President he would develop the economy and attract investment to Ukraine through "a restart of the judicial system" and restoring confidence in the state.[50] He also proposed a tax amnesty and a 5% flat tax for big business which could be increased "in dialogue with them and if everyone agrees".[50] According to Zelensky, if people would notice that his new government "works honestly from the first day", they would start paying their taxes.[50]

In an interview in December 2018, Zelensky stated that as President he would try to end the ongoing War in Donbass by negotiating with Russia.[51] As he considered the leaders of the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic (DPR and LPR) to be Russia's "puppets", it would "make no sense to speak with them".[51] He did not rule out holding a referendum on the issue.[52] [51] In an interview published three days before the 2019 presidential election (on 21 April) Zelensky stated that he was against granting the Donbass region "special status".[53] In the interview he also said that if he were elected President he would not sign a law on amnesty for the militants of the DPR and LPR.[53]

Regarding the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea, Zelensky said that, speaking realistically, it would be possible to return Crimea to Ukrainian control only after a regime change in Russia.[54]

Zelensky supports the free distribution of medical cannabis, free abortion in Ukraine and the legalisation of prostitution and gambling.[53] He opposes the legalization of weapons.[53]

Zelensky has come out against targeting the Russian language in Ukraine and the banning of artists for their (as viewed by the Ukrainian Government as anti-Ukrainian) political opinions.[55][56][57] In April 2019 he stated that he was not against a Ukrainian language quota (on radio and TV) and that Russian artists "who have turned into (anti-Ukrainian) politicians" should remain banned from entering Ukraine.[53] He simultaneously floated this idea about the Ukrainian language quota: "you can change them a little".[58]

Zelensky stated in April 2019 that "of course" he supports the decommunization of Ukraine, but is not happy with its current form.[58][53] In an interview with RBC-Ukraine in April 2019, Zelensky said that Stepan Bandera, a controversial figure in Ukrainian history, was "a hero for a certain part of Ukrainians, and this is a normal and cool thing. He was one of those who defended the freedom of Ukraine. But I think that when we name so many streets, bridges by the same name, this is not quite right."[58][59] In that same interview, Zelensky goes on to criticise the overuse of tributes to Taras Shevchenko, a much less controversial Ukrainian poet and painter. Zelensky concludes: "We must remember the heroes of today, heroes of the arts, heroes of literature, simply heroes of Ukraine. Why don't we use their names - the names of the heroes that today unite Ukraine?"[58]

In response to suggestions to the contrary, he stated that he regarded Russian President Vladimir Putin "as an enemy".[60]

Personal lifeԽմբագրել

In September 2003 Zelensky married Olena Zelenska (née Kiyashko).[8] They both attended the same school.[8]

The couple's first daughter Oleksandra was born in July 2004.[8] In Zelensky's 2014 movie 8 New Dates she played Sasha, the daughter of the protagonist.[8] In 2016 she participated in the show The Comedy Comedy's Kids and won 50,000 hryvnias.[8] Their son Cyril Zelensky was born in January 2013.[8]

Selected filmographyԽմբագրել

FilmԽմբագրել

Year Title Role
2009 Love in the Big City Igor
2011 Office Romance. Our Time Anatoly Efremovich Novoseltsev
2012 Love in the Big City 2 Igor
2012 Rzhevsky Versus Napoleon Napoleon
2012 8 First Dates Nikita Sokolov
2014 Love in Vegas I gor Zelensky
2015 8 New Dates Nikita Andreevich Sokolov

TVԽմբագրել

Year Title Role Notes
2008–2012 Svaty as producer
2015–2019 Servant of the People Vasyl Petrovych Holoborodko, a high school history teacher/President of Ukraine
2006 Dancing with the Stars

NotesԽմբագրել

Կաղապար:NoteFoot

ReferencesԽմբագրել

  1. «Ukraine election: Comedian Zelensky 'wins presidency by landslide'»։ BBC News։ 21 April 2019։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 21 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 21 April 2019 
  2. 2,0 2,1 2,2 Կաղապար:Uk icon Lawyer Zelensky has registered a new political party "Servant of the people", UNIAN (3 December 2017)
  3. 3,0 3,1 3,2 3,3 3,4 3,5 3,6 Կաղապար:Uk icon The boundary of a joke. How Zelensky prepares for the election Archived 8 February 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (25 October 2018)
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 «Comedian faces scrutiny over oligarch ties in Ukraine presidential race»։ Reuters։ 1 April 2019։ Արխիվացված է օրիգինալից 12 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 23 April 2019 
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  24. Igor Grabovich (2 January 2019)։ «Володимир Зеленський та його віртуальний світ» [Vladimir Zelensky and his virtual world] (ուկրաիներեն)։ Detector media։ Արխիվացված է օրիգինալից 19 January 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 16 April 2019 
  25. Կաղապար:Uk icon "The Green Rhodina". Zelensky's film business in Russia (investigation) Archived 18 January 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Radio Svoboda (17 January 2019) Կաղապար:Uk icon Zelensky has a film business in Russia despite statements about his closure – "Schemes" Archived 18 January 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (17 January 2019)
  26. 26,0 26,1 «Ukrainian Presidential Hopeful Admits Russian Assets»։ RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 3 February 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 3 February 2019 
  27. 27,0 27,1 27,2 «Zelensky: Party "Servant of the people" goes into politics»։ Interfax-Ukraine (Ukrainian)։ 26 December 2018։ Արխիվացված է օրիգինալից 3 January 2019-ին 
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  29. 29,0 29,1 29,2 29,3 Ukraine media demands access to runoff frontrunner Zelensky Archived 17 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Al Jazeera (16 April 2019)
  30. Karatnycky Adrian։ «The World Just Witnessed the First Entirely Virtual Presidential Campaign»։ POLITICO Magazine (անգլերեն)։ Արխիվացված է օրիգինալից 2019-04-25-ին։ Վերցված է 2019-04-26 
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  39. «Zelensky meets with Macron»։ Ukrinform։ 12 April 2019։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 12 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 13 April 2019 
  40. «Перший європейський лідер привітав Зеленського»։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 21 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 21 April 2019 
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  45. «What a Volodymyr Zelensky Ukrainian Presidency Would Look Like»։ The National Interest։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 19 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 22 April 2019 
  46. 46,0 46,1 Կաղապար:Uk icon Zelensky, Poroshenko, Tymoshenko and Gritsenko told how to move to NATO Archived 25 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (25 March 2019)
  47. Կաղապար:Uk icon From the EU to nuclear weapons: foreign policy Zelensky, Poroshenko, Tymoshenko and Gritsenko Archived 25 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (25 March 2019)
  48. «Зеленський представив свою команду»։ Українська правда (ուկրաիներեն)։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 19 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 21 April 2019 
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  51. 51,0 51,1 51,2 Կաղապար:Uk icon Zelensky about the war in the Donbass: Though we are ready to agree with the devil Archived 26 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (26 December 2018)
  52. Genin Aaron (28 March 2019)։ «Upcoming Elections and Ukrainian ‘Ultra-nationalism’»։ The California Review։ Վերցված է 31 March 2019  Կաղապար:Unreliable source?
  53. 53,0 53,1 53,2 53,3 53,4 53,5 (ռուս.) Vladimir Zelensky: It is beneficial for us to dissolve the Rada, but we will think and act according to the law Archived 18 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine., RBC Ukraine (18 April 2019)
  54. «Front-runner in Ukraine’s election race names condition for returning Crimea»։ uawire.org։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 24 March 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 24 March 2019 
  55. Presidential hopeful speaks in support of Russian language in Ukraine Archived 2 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine., TASS (22 March 2019)
  56. «Зеленский о запрете въезда российских артистов в Украину – События – Новости Крыма Sevas.Com»։ news.sevas.com։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 31 March 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 31 March 2019 
  57. «Ukraine blacklists Russian artists»։ BBC։ 8 August 2015։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 1 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 31 March 2019 
  58. 58,0 58,1 58,2 58,3 Կաղապար:Uk icon Zelensky suggested, that he might not get to shake Poroshenko's hand (ed. if one were to cut off the hands of all corrupt officials) Archived 18 April 2019 at the Wayback Machine., Ukrayinska Pravda (18 April 2019)
  59. «Zelensky on Bandera: Ukrainians should also praise modern day heroes»։ www.unian.info։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 19 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 21 April 2019 
  60. Kiev Tom Parfitt (19 April 2019)։ «Ukraine poll leader Volodymyr Zelensky sees Putin as an enemy»։ The Times։ ISSN 0140-0460։ Արխիվացված օրիգինալից 21 April 2019-ին։ Վերցված է 22 April 2019 

External linksԽմբագրել


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