«Մասնակից:Avagyanasya/Ավազարկղ»–ի խմբագրումների տարբերություն

Later Egyptians considered this "[[Amarna Period]]" an unfortunate aberration. After his death, Akhenaten was succeeded by two short-lived pharaohs, [[Smenkhkare]] and [[Neferneferuaten]], of which little is known. In 1334 Akhenaten's son, Tutankhaten, ascended to the throne: shortly after, he restored Egyptian polytheist cult and subsequently changed his name in [[Tutankhamun]], in honor to the Egyptian god [[Amun]].<ref name="DH-143">{{cite book|last1=Dodson|first1=Aidan|author-link1=Aidan Dodson|last2=Hilton|first2=Dyan|title=The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=ONKiQAAACAAJ&pg=PA143|year=2010|publisher=Thames & Hudson|isbn=978-0-500-28857-3|page=143}}</ref> His infant daughters, [[317a and 317b mummies]], represent the final genetically-related generation of the Eighteenth Dynasty.
 
=== AyԷյե andև HoremhebՀորեմհեբ ===
[[File:Block Statue of Ay, ca. 1336-1327 B.C.E. 66.174.1.jpg|thumbnail|[[Էյե (Եգիպտոսի փարավոն)|Էյեի]] արձանը, մ․թ․ա․ մոտավորապես 1336–1327 թվականներ, 66.174.1, Բրուքլինի թանգարան]]
The last two members of the Eighteenth Dynasty—[[Ay]] and [[Horemheb]]—became rulers from the ranks of officials in the royal court, although Ay might also have been the maternal uncle of Akhenaten as a fellow descendant of [[Yuya]] and [[Tjuyu]].
This example to the right depicts a man named Ay who achieved the exalted religious positions of [[Second Prophet of Amun]] and High Priest of [[Mut]] at [[Thebes, Egypt|Thebes]]. His career flourished during the reign of Tutankhamun, when the statue was made. The cartouches of King Ay, Tutankhamun's successor appearing on the statue, were an attempt by an artisan to "update" the sculpture.<ref>{{cite web|title=Block Statue of Ay|website=brooklynmuseum.org |url=http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/objects/3752/Block_Statue_of_Ay#|access-date=17 June 2014}}</ref>
 
=== Հարաբերություններ Նուբիայի հետ ===
===Relations with Nubia===
The Eighteenth Dynasty empire conquered all of Lower [[Nubia]] under [[Thutmose I]].<ref name="OConnor">{{cite book |last1=O'Connor |first1=David |title=Ancient Nubia: Egypt's Rival in Africa |date=1993 |publisher=University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology |location=University of Pennsylvania, USA |isbn=0924171286 |pages=60–69}}</ref> By the reign of [[Thutmose III]], the Egyptians controlled Nubia to the Nile river, 4th cataract (rapids). The Egyptians referred to the area as [[Kingdom of Kush|Kush]] and it was administered by the [[Viceroy of Kush]]. The 18th dynasty obtained Nubian gold, animal skins, ivory, ebony, cattle, and horses, which were of exceptional quality.<ref name="OConnor" /> The Egyptians built temples throughout Nubia. One of the largest and most important temples was dedicated to amun at [[Jebel Barkal]] in the city of Napata. This [[Temple of Amun, Jebel Barkal|Temple of Amun]] was enlarged by later Egyptian and Nubian Pharaohs, such as [[Taharqa]].
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=== Հարաբերություններ Մերձավոր Արևելքի հետ ===
===Relations with the Near-East===
After the end of the [[Hyksos]] period of foreign rule, the Eighteenth Dynasty engaged in a vigorous phase of expansionism, conquering vast areas of the [[Near-East]], with especially Pharaoh [[Thutmose III]] submitting the "Shasu" Bedouins of northern [[Canaan]], and the land of [[Retjenu]], as far as [[Syria]] and [[Mittani]] in numerous military campaigns circa 1450 BC.<ref>{{cite book |last1=Gabriel |first1=Richard A. |title=Thutmose III: The Military Biography of Egypt's Greatest Warrior King |date=2009 |publisher=Potomac Books, Inc. |isbn=978-1-59797-373-1 |page=204 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=jCKU6fA8nZIC&pg=PT204 |language=en}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last1=Allen |first1=James P. |title=Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs |date=2000 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-0-521-77483-3 |page=299 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=gMxfheT1XQIC&pg=PA299 |language=en}}</ref>
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{| class="wikitable" align="center" style="margin: 1em auto 1em auto; width: 80%" |
!|Փարավոն
!|Pharaoh
!Պատկեր!! |Գահի անուն!! align="center" |Կառավարում!! |Հուղարկավորվել է !! |Կին (Կանայք)/Ամուսին
!Image!! |[[Prenomen (Ancient Egypt)|Throne name]] / Prenomen!! align="center" |Reign!! |Burial !! |Consort(s)
!Մեկնաբանություն
!Comments
|-
| [[AhmoseԱհմոս I]] / AhmosisԱհմոսիս I
|[[File:Pharaoh Ahmose I slaying a Hyksos (axe of Ahmose I, from the Treasure of Queen Aahhotep II) Colorized per source.jpg|100px]]|| Nebpehtire || 1549–1524 BC || || [[Ahmose-Nefertari]] <br> [[Ahmose-Henuttamehu]] <br> [[Ahmose-Sitkamose]]
|
|-
| Ամենհոտեպ I
| [[Amenhotep I]]
|[[File:58 I Amenhotep I.jpg|154x154px]]|| Djeserkare || 1524–1503 BC || [[KV39]]? or [[Tomb ANB]]? || [[Ahmose-Meritamon]]
|
|-
| Թութմոս I
| [[Thutmose I]]
|[[File:ColossalSandstoneHeadOfThutmoseI-BritishMuseum-August19-08.jpg|130x130px]]|| Aakheperkare || 1503–1493 BC || [[KV20]], [[KV38]] || [[Ahmose (queen)|Ahmose]] <br> [[Mutnofret]]
|
|-
| [[ThutmoseԹութմոս II]]
|[[File:Stone block with relief at Karnak Temple Thutmosis II.jpg|frameless|100x100px]]|| Aakheperenre || 1493–1479 BC || [[KV42]]? || [[Hatshepsut]] <br> [[Iset (queen)|Iset]]
|
|-
| Հատշեպսուտ
| [[Hatshepsut]]
|[[File:Hatshepsut.jpg|121x121px]]|| Maatkare || 1479–1458 BC || [[KV20]] || [[Thutmose II]]
|
|-
| [[ThutmoseԹութմոս III]]
|[[File:TuthmosisIII-2.JPG|150x150px]]|| Menkheper(en)re || 1479–1425 BC || [[KV34]] || [[Satiah]] <br> [[Merytre-Hatshepsut]]<br> [[Nebtu]] <br> [[Menhet, Menwi and Merti]]
|
|-
| Ամենհոտեպ II
| [[Amenhotep II]]
|[[File:Amenophis II-E 10896-IMG 0085-gradient.jpg|111x111px]]|| Aakheperure || 1427–1397 BC || [[KV35]] || [[Tiaa]]
|
|-
| [[ThutmoseԹութմոս IV]]
|[[File:Thumtmoses IV-E 13889-Louvre Museum (7465530452).jpg|100x100px]]|| Menkheperure || 1397–1388 BC || [[KV43]] || [[Nefertari (18th dynasty)|Nefertari]] <br> [[Iaret]] <br> [[Mutemwiya]] <br> Daughter of [[Artatama I]] of Mitanni
|
|-
| [[AmenhotepԱմենհոտեպ III]]
|[[File:Amenhotep iii british museum.jpg|133x133px]]|| Nebmaatre || 1388–1351 BC || [[KV22]] || [[Tiye]]<br> [[Gilukhipa]] of Mitanni<br> [[Tadukhipa]] of Mitanni<br> [[Sitamun]]<br> [[Iset (daughter of Amenhotep III)|Iset]]<br> Daughter of [[Kurigalzu I]] of Babylon<ref name="WG" /><br> Daughter of [[Kadashman-Enlil]] of Babylon<ref name="WG" /><br> Daughter of [[Tarhundaradu]] of [[Arzawa]]<ref name="WG" /><br> Daughter of the ruler of Ammia<ref name="WG" />
|
|-
| Ամենհոտեպ IV/Էխնաթոն
| [[Akhenaten|Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten]]
|[[File:GD-EG-Caire-Musée061.JPG|frameless|133x133px]]|| Neferkepherure-Waenre || 1351–1334 BC || [[Royal Tomb of Akhenaten]] || [[Nefertiti]] <br> [[Kiya]] <br> [[Tadukhipa]] of Mitanni <br> Daughter of [[Šatiya]], ruler of [[Enišasi]]<ref name="WG" /> <br> [[Meritaten]]? <br> [[Meketaten]]? <br> [[Ankhesenamun]]<br> Daughter of [[Burna-Buriash II]], King of Babylon<ref name="WG" />
|
|-
| Սմենխքարե
| [[Smenkhkare]]
|[[File:Spaziergang im Garten Amarna Berlin.jpg|120x120px]]|| Ankhkheperure || 1335–1334 BC || || [[Meritaten]]Մերիթաթոն
|
|-
| Նեֆերնեֆերուատեն
| [[Neferneferuaten]]
|[[File:NefertitiRelief SmitingSceneOnBoat-CloseUp.png|frameless|113x113px]]
 
| Ankhkheperure || 1334–1332 BC || || [[Akhenaten]]? <br> [[Smenkhkare]]?
|Սովորաբար նույնացվում է թագուհի Նեֆերտիտիի հետ
|Usually identified as Queen [[Nefertiti]]
|-
| Թութանհամոն
| [[Tutankhamun]]
|[[File:CairoEgMuseumTaaMaskMostlyPhotographed.jpg|133x133px]]|| Nebkheperure || 1332–1323 BC || [[KV62]] || [[Ankhesenamun]]Անխեսենամուն
|
|-
| [[Ay]]Էյե
|[[File:Opening of the Mouth - Tutankhamun and Aja-2.jpg|185x185px]]|| Kheperkheperure || 1323–1319 BC || [[KV23]] || [[Ankhesenamun]] <br> [[Tey]]
|
|-
| Հորեմհեբ
| [[Horemheb]]
|[[File:StatueOfHoremhebAndTheGodHorus-DetailOfHoremheb01 KunsthistorischesMuseum Nov13-10.jpg|134x134px]]|| Djeserkheperure-Setepenre || 1319–1292 BC || [[KV57]] || [[Mutnedjmet]] <br> [[Amenia (wife of Horemheb)|Amenia]]
|
|}
 
== 18-րդ արքայատոհմի ժամանակագրություն ==
==Timeline of the 18th Dynasty==
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