«Մասնակից:Avagyanasya/Ավազարկղ»–ի խմբագրումների տարբերություն

=== Վաղ շրջանի XVIII արքայատոհմ ===
[[File:Ahmes Nefertari Grab 10.JPG|thumb|left|Ահմոս-Նեֆերտարի․ եղել է 17-րդ արքայատոհմի փարավոն Սեքենենրե Տաո II-ի դուստրը։ Նրա հայրն ապստամբել է [[Հիքսոսներ|Հիքսոսների]] դեմ։ Ահմոս-Նեֆերտարիի եղբայր Ահմոսը քշել է Հիքսոսներին, ու նրա քույրը դարձել է միացյալ Եգիպտոսի թագուհի։ Մահից հետո աստվածացվել է ։]]
[[File:Head of an Early Eighteenth Dynasty King, ca. 1539-1493 B.C.E.,37.38E.jpg|thumbnail|HeadՎաղ ofշրջանի anտասնութերորդ Earlyարքայատոհմի Eighteenthփարավոնի Dynasty Kingգլուխ, c.մ․թ․ա․ մոտավորապես 1539–1493 BCթվականներ, 37.38E, [[BrooklynԲրուքլինի Museumթանգարան]] ]]
Dynasty XVIII was founded by [[Ahmose I]], the brother or son of [[Kamose]], the last ruler of the [[Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt|17th Dynasty]]. Ahmose finished the campaign to expel the [[Hyksos]] rulers. His reign is seen as the end of the [[Second Intermediate Period of Egypt|Second Intermediate Period]] and the start of the New Kingdom. Ahmose's consort, Queen [[Ahmose-Nefertari]] was "arguably the most venerated woman in Egyptian history, and the grandmother of the 18th Dynasty."<ref name="gestoso">Graciela Gestoso Singer, "[https://www.academia.edu/414029/Ahmose_Nefertari_the_Woman_in_Black Ahmose-Nefertari, The Woman in Black]". ''Terrae Antiqvae'', January 17, 2011</ref> She was deified after she died. Ahmose was succeeded by his son, [[Amenhotep I]], whose reign was relatively uneventful.<ref>Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton: pg 122</ref>
 
Amenhotep III's reign was a period of unprecedented prosperity, artistic splendor, and international power, as attested by over 250 statues (more than any other pharaoh) and 200 large stone scarabs discovered from Syria to Nubia.{{sfn|O'Connor|Cline|1998|pp=11–12}} Amenhotep III undertook large scale building programmes, the extent of which can only be compared with those of the much longer reign of [[Ramesses II]] during Dynasty XIX.<ref>Aidan Dodson, Dyan Hilton: pg 130</ref> Amenhotep III's consort was the Great Royal wife [[Tiye]], for whom he built an artificial lake, as described on eleven scarabs.{{sfn|Kozloff|Bryan|1992|loc=no. 2}}
 
=== Էխնաթոն, Ամառնայի ժամանակաշրջան և ԹութնհամոնԹութանհամոն ===
[[Image:Aten.svg|325px|thumb|<center>The [[AtenԱթոն|Աթոնը]], <hiero>i-t:n-ra</hiero></center>]]
[[Image:La salle dAkhenaton (1356-1340 av J.C.) (Musée du Caire) (2076972086).jpg|thumb|[[Akhenaten]] and his family adoring the [[Aten]]. Second from the left is [[Meritaten]], daughter of Akhenaten.]]
Amenhotep III may have shared the throne for up to twelve years with his son Amenhotep IV. There is much debate about this proposed co-regency, with different experts considering that there was a lengthy co-regency, a short one, or none at all.
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