«Մասնակից:Voskanyan/Ավազարկղ»–ի խմբագրումների տարբերություն

---- Դևիդ Հեյր
(---- Դևիդ Հեյր)
== Пародии ==
В шоу «Мировое турне [[Бенни Хилл]]а» (''Benny Hill’s World Tour: New York'') показана пародия на этот фильм — сценка под названием ''A streetcar named Desirée''. Хилл пародирует персонажей Марлона Брандо и Вивьен Ли.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://video.mail.ru/mail/andrey.v.marchenko/7335/7394.html|title=Benny Hill s World Tour New York 1991 — Видео@Mail.Ru|accessdate=2013-02-16}}</ref>{{нет значимости|7|02|2014|nocat=}}
 
 
 
== 1 ==
 
{{Տեղեկաքարտ Գրող}}
'''Դևիդ Հեյր''' ({{lang-en|David Hare}}, {{ԱԾ}}), անգլիացի դրամատուրգ, սցենարիստ, թատերական ու կինոռեժիսոր։ Առավել հայտնի լինելով իր բեմական աշխատանքներով՝ Դևիդ Հեյրը մեծ հաջողությունների է հասել նաև կինոյի բնագավառում՝ երկու անգամ ներկայացվելով «Օսկար» մրցանակի «[[Օսկար լավագույն ադապտացված սցենարի համար|Լավագույն ադապտացված սցենար]]» անվանակարգում Մայքլ Քանինգեմի վեպի հիման վրա 2002 թվականի «Ժամեր» ֆիլմի և [[Բերնհարդ Շլինկ]]ի «[[Ընթերցողը (գիրք)|Ընթերցողը]]» վեպի հիման վրա 2008 թվականի [[Ընթերցողը|համանուն ֆիլմի]] սցենարները գրելու համար։
 
Վեսթ Էնդում Դևիդ Հեյրն ամենամեծ հաջողությունն ունեցել է «Առատություն» (անգլ.՝ «Plenty», 1990), որի հիման վրա գրել է 1985 թվականին Մերիլ Սթրիփի մասնակցությամբ ստեղծված ֆիլմի սցենարը, «Վազող դևը» (անգլ.՝ «Racing Demon», 1990), «Երդիկ» (անգլ.՝ «Skylight», 1997) և «Էմիի հայացքը» (1998) պիեսների շնորհիվ, որոնք բեմադրվել են Բրոդվեյում համապատասխանաբար 1982-83, 1996, 1998 և 1999 թվականներին։ Առաջին երեքի համար Հեյրը երեք անգամ ներկայացվել է [[Թոնի (մրցանակ)|Թոնի]] մրցանակի լավագույն պիեսի համար և երկու անգամ Լոուրենս Օլիվիեի մրցանակի լավագույն նոր պիեսի համար: Նրա մյուս թատերական նշանավոր նախագծերից են՝ «Աշխարհի քարտեզ» (անգլ.՝ «A Map of the World»), «Պրավդա», «Շշնջացող դատավորներ» (անգլ.՝ «Murmuring Judges»), «Պատերազմի բացակայություն» (անգլ.՝ «The Absence of War») և «Ուղղահայաց ժամը»: Հեյրը գրել է նաև ֆիլմերի սցենարներ, այդ թվում՝ «Ժամեր» (2002) և «Ընթերցողը» (2008), ինչպես նաեւ BBC-ի «Էջ ութ» (2011) և «Երկրորդական» (անգլ.՝ «Collateral», 2018) դրամաները:
 
In addition to his two Academy Award nominations, Hare has received three [[Golden Globe Award]] nominations, three Tony Award nominations and has won a [[BAFTA Award]], a [[Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay]] and two Laurence Olivier Awards. He has also been awarded several critics' awards such as the [[New York Drama Critics Circle Award]] and received the [[Golden Bear (award)|Golden Bear]] in 1985. He was knighted in 1998.
 
==Early life==
David Hare was born and raised – first in a flat, then in a semi-detached house – in [[St Leonards-on-Sea]], [[Hastings]], [[Sussex]]<!-- Sussex was not divided into East and West until 1974 -->, the son of Agnes Cockburn (née Gilmour) and Clifford Theodore Rippon Hare, a passenger ship's purser in the Merchant Navy.<ref>The Blue Touch Paper: A Memoir, David Hare, Faber and Faber, 2015</ref> The Hare family claimed descent from the Earls of Bristol.<ref>The Blue Touch Paper: A Memoir, David Hare, Faber and Faber, 2015</ref><ref>The International Who's Who, 1991-1992, Europa Publishing, p. 660</ref><ref>About Hare: The Playwright and the Work, Richard Boon, Faber, 2003</ref><ref>Hersh Zeifman, ''David Hare a Casebook'', (London: Routledge, 1994), {{ISBN|0-8240-2579-2}}, p. xix.</ref> Hare was educated at [[Lancing College]], an [[independent school]] in Sussex, and at [[Jesus College, Cambridge]]. While at Cambridge, he was the Hiring Manager on the [[Cambridge University Amateur Dramatic Club]] Committee in 1968.<ref>ADC Theatre, Cambridge Archives</ref>
 
==Life and career==
Hare worked with the [[Portable Theatre Company]] from 1968 to 1971. His first play, ''[[Slag (play)|Slag]]'', was produced in 1970, the same year in which he married his first wife, Margaret Matheson; the couple had three children and divorced in 1980. He was Resident Dramatist at the [[Royal Court Theatre]], London, from 1970 to 1971, and in 1973 became resident dramatist at the [[Nottingham Playhouse]]. He co-founded the [[Joint Stock Theatre Company]] with [[David Aukin]] and [[Max Stafford-Clark]] in 1975. Hare's play ''[[Plenty (play)|Plenty]]'' was produced at the [[Royal National Theatre|National Theatre]] in 1978, followed by ''A Map of the World'' in 1983, and ''[[Pravda (play)|Pravda]]'' in 1985, co-written with [[Howard Brenton]].
 
Hare became the Associate Director of the [[Royal National Theatre|National Theatre]] in 1984, and has since seen many of his plays produced, such as his trilogy of plays about major British institutions ''[[Racing Demon (play)|Racing Demon]]'', ''[[Murmuring Judges]]'', and ''[[The Absence of War]]''. He has also directed many other plays aside from his own works, such as ''The Pleasure Principle'' by [[Snoo Wilson]], ''[[Weapons of Happiness]]'' by Howard Brenton, and ''[[King Lear]]'' by [[William Shakespeare]] for the National Theatre. He is also the author of a collection of lectures on the arts and politics called ''Obedience, Struggle, and Revolt'' (2005).<ref>[http://www.contemporarywriters.com/authors/?p=auth253 David Hare<!-- Bot generated title -->] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071001174915/http://www.contemporarywriters.com/authors/?p=auth253 |date=1 October 2007 }}</ref>
 
Hare founded a film company called Greenpoint Films in 1982, and has written screenplays such as ''Plenty'', ''Wetherby'', ''Strapless'', and ''Paris by Night''. In December 2011, it was announced that his monologue ''Wall'' about the [[Israeli West Bank barrier]] is being adapted as a live-action/animated documentary by the [[National Film Board of Canada]], directed by Cam Christiansen, to be completed in 2014.<ref name=Vlessing>{{cite news|last=Vlessing|first=Etan|title=National Film Board of Canada to Animate Israel's West Bank Barrier For Theatrical Doc|url=http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/national-film-board-canada-animate-273705|accessdate=14 December 2011|newspaper=[[The Hollywood Reporter]]|date=14 December 2011}}</ref> Aside from films he has also written teleplays for the BBC such as ''[[Licking Hitler]]'' (1978), and ''[[Saigon: Year of the Cat]]'' (1983). In November 2012, [[The New School for Drama]] selected Hare as temporary [[Artist-in-residence]] in which he met with student playwrights about his experience in varying mediums.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.newschool.edu/drama/artist-in-residence/ |title=The New School for Drama Names Sir David Hare Artist-In-Residence |author= |date= |work= |publisher=|accessdate=}}</ref>
 
His career is examined in the Reputations strand on ''TheatreVoice''. He is particularly well known for incisive commentary on the problems of public institutions. [[Raymond Williams]] once said, sardonically, that the public services are largely managed by the nation's "upper servants". Hare addresses this group, providing an analysis of the workings of the institutions: he is, he has said, interested in the struggle to make procedures work better - right now - not in waiting until some revolution, somehow, sometime, comes about to raze the current system altogether, to replace it with perfection.<ref>C. Sullivan, "The Present: Hare and Shrinking Government Provision", in ''Literature in the Public Service: Sublime Bureaucracy'' (2013), ch. 4.</ref>
 
In 1993, he donated his archive to the [[Harry Ransom Center]] at the [[University of Texas at Austin]].<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://norman.hrc.utexas.edu/fasearch/findingaid.cfm?eadid=00052|title=David Hare: An Inventory of His Papers at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center|website=norman.hrc.utexas.edu|access-date=2017-03-15}}</ref> The archive consists of typescript drafts, notes, rehearsal scripts, schedules, production notes, correspondence, theatre programs, resumes, photographs, and published texts associated with Hare's plays, teleplays, screenplays, and essays, as well as foreign-language translations of Hare's works; works by other authors; personal correspondence; minutes of meetings; and Hare's English papers from [[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]]. Additions were made in 1996 and 2014.
 
Hare's awards include the [[John Llewellyn Rhys Prize]] (1975), [[BAFTA]] Award (1979), the [[New York Drama Critics Circle Award]] (1983), the [[Berlin Film Festival]] Golden Bear (1985), the [[Olivier Award]] (1990), and the London Theatre Critics' Award (1990). In 1997, he was a member of the jury at the [[47th Berlin International Film Festival]].<ref name="Berlinale 1997">{{cite web |url=http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1997/04_jury_1997/04_Jury_1997.html |title=Berlinale: 1997 Juries |accessdate=2012-01-07 |work=berlinale.de}}</ref> He was knighted in 1998.
 
He is married to the French fashion designer [[Nicole Farhi]].
 
==Plays==
*''[[Slag (play)|Slag]]'' (1970)
*''The Great Exhibition'' (1972)
*''Brassneck'' (1973) (with [[Howard Brenton]])
*''Knuckle'' (1974)
*''Fanshen'' (1975). Based on [[William H. Hinton]], ''[[Fanshen|Fanshen: Documentary of Revolution in a Chinese Village]]'' (1966)
*''[[Teeth 'n' Smiles (play)|Teeth 'n' Smiles]]'' (1975)
*''[[Plenty (play)|Plenty]]'' (1978)
*''A Map of the World'' (1982)
*''[[Pravda (play)|Pravda]]'' (1985) (with [[Howard Brenton]])
*''The Bay at Nice, and Wrecked Eggs'' (1986)
*''The Knife'' (1987) (with Nick Bicat and Tim Rose Price)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://books.google.com.au/books?id=zRRGBAAAQBAJ&pg=PT146#v=onepage&q=the+knife+opera+david+hare|title=Writing Left-Handed: Collected Essays|first=David|last=Hare|date=31 July 2014|publisher=Faber & Faber|via=Google Books}}</ref>
*''[[The Secret Rapture (play)|The Secret Rapture]]'' (1988)
*''[[Racing Demon (play)|Racing Demon]]'' (1990)
*''[[Murmuring Judges]]'' (1991)
*''[[The Absence of War]]'' (1993)
*''[[Skylight (play)|Skylight]]'' (1995; revived in London and on Broadway, in 2014 and 2015, respectively)
*''[[Amy's View]]'' (1997)
*''[[Ivanov (play)|Ivanov]]'' (1997; revised and revived 2015) (adapted from Chekhov)
*''[[The Blue Room (play)|The Blue Room]]'' (1998) (adapted from [[Arthur Schnitzler]])
*''[[The Judas Kiss (play)|The Judas Kiss]]'' (1998)
*''[[Via Dolorosa (play)|Via Dolorosa]]'' (1998)
*''[[My Zinc Bed (play)|My Zinc Bed]]'' (2000)
*''[[Platonov (play)|Platonov]]'' (2001; revived 2015) (adapted from Chekhov)
*''[[The Breath of Life (play)|The Breath of Life]]'' (2002)
*''[[The Permanent Way]]'' (2003)
*''[[Stuff Happens]]'' (2004)
*''[[The Vertical Hour]]'' (2006)
*''[[Gethsemane (play)|Gethsemane]]'' (2008)<ref>[http://www.thestage.co.uk/reviews/review.php/22397/gethsemane John Thaxter, "Gethsemane" review], ''The Stage'', 12 November 2008.</ref>
*''Berlin'' (2009)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/stage/2009/feb/15/davidhare-theatre|title=Theatre review: Berlin, a reading by David Hare|first=Kate|last=Kellaway|date=15 February 2009|website=the Guardian}}</ref>
*''Wall'' (2009)<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/stage/2009/apr/20/wall-david-hare-theatre-review|title=Theatre review: Wall / Royal Court, London|first=Michael|last=Billington|date=19 April 2009|website=the Guardian}}</ref>
*''[[The Power of Yes]]'' (2009)<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.nationaltheatre.org.uk/50093/productions/the-power-of-yes.html |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2009-10-04 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20090927132814/http://www.nationaltheatre.org.uk/50093/productions/the-power-of-yes.html |archivedate=27 September 2009 |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
*''[[South Downs (play)|South Downs]]'' (2011)
*''Behind the Beautiful Forevers'' (2014) (adapted from ''[[Behind the Beautiful Forevers]]'')
*''[[The Seagull]]'' (2015) (adapted from Chekhov)
*''[[The Moderate Soprano]]'' (2015)
*''The Red Barn'' (2016) (adapted from ''[[The Man on the Bench in the Barn|La Main]]'' by Georges Simenon)
*''I'm Not Running'' (2018)
 
==Television, film and radio scripts==
*''[[Licking Hitler]]'' (1978)
*''Dreams of Leaving'' (1980)
*''[[Wetherby (film)|Wetherby]]'' (1985)
*''[[Plenty (film)|Plenty]]'' (1985) - based on his play
*''[[Strapless]]'' (1989)
*''[[Damage (1992 film)|Damage]]'' (1992)
*''[[The Secret Rapture (play)|The Secret Rapture]]'' (1993) - based on his play
*''[[The Absence of War]]'' (1995) - based on his play
*''[[The Hours (film)|The Hours]]'' (2002) - based on [[The Hours (novel)|the novel]] by [[Michael Cunningham]]
*''[[The Corrections (film)|The Corrections]]'' (2007) - based on [[The Corrections|the novel]] by [[Jonathan Franzen]]
*''[[My Zinc Bed (television film)|My Zinc Bed]]'' (2008) - based on his play
*''[[Murder in Samarkand]]'' (2008) - based on the memoir by [[Craig Murray]], former British Ambassador to [[Uzbekistan]]
*''[[The Reader (2008 film)|The Reader]]'' (2008) - based on [[The Reader|the novel]] by [[Bernhard Schlink]]
*''[[Page Eight]]'' (2011) (also directed)
*''[[Turks & Caicos (film)|Turks & Caicos]]'' (2014) (also directed)
*''[[Salting the Battlefield]]'' (2014) (also directed)
*''[[Denial (2016 film)|Denial]]'' (2016)
*''[[The White Crow]]'' (2018)
*''[[Collateral (miniseries)|Collateral]]'' (2018)
 
==Directing credits==
*''Licking Hitler'' for [[BBC1]]'s ''[[Play for Today]]'' (1978)
*''Dreams of Leaving'' for BBC1's ''Play for Today'' (1980)
*''[[Wetherby (film)|Wetherby]]'' (1985)
*''[[Paris by Night (film)|Paris by Night]]'' (1988)
*''[[Strapless]]'' (1989)
*''Paris, May 1919'' (1993) (TV episode)
*''[[The Designated Mourner]]'', written by [[Wallace Shawn]] (1989)
*''Heading Home'' (1991) (TV film)
*''[[The Year of Magical Thinking]]'' (2007) ([[Broadway theatre|Broadway]] play by [[Joan Didion]] starring [[Vanessa Redgrave]])
*''[[Page Eight]]'' (2011) (also wrote)
*''[[Turks & Caicos (film)|Turks & Caicos]]'' (2014) (also wrote)
*''[[Salting the Battlefield]]'' (2014) (also wrote)
 
==Bibliography==
 
===Books===
*''Acting Up'' (A diary on his experiences of acting in his own play, the one-man-show on the topic of Israel/Palestine, ''Via Dolorosa'')
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20070302021010/http://www.faber.co.uk/book_detail.html?bid=5423 ''Obedience, Struggle and Revolt''] ([[Faber and Faber]], 2005)
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20061001051448/http://www.faber.co.uk/book_detail.html?bid=35875&clid= ''About Hare''] by Richard Boon (Faber and Faber, 2006)
* ''The Blue Touch Paper'' ([[Faber and Faber]], 2015)
 
===Articles===
*{{cite journal |last=Hare |first=David |date=30 April 2009|title=Wall: A Monologue |journal=[[The New York Review of Books]] |volume=56 |issue=7 |pages=8–12|url=http://www.nybooks.com/articles/22611}}
 
==Awards==
* 1979 [[BAFTA]] Award (British Academy of Film and Television) for Best Single Play for ''Licking Hitler''
* 1983 [[New York Drama Critics' Circle|New York Drama Critics' Circle Award]] for Best Foreign Play for ''Plenty''<ref name=nydcc>{{cite web |url=http://www.dramacritics.org/dc_pastawards.html |title=New York Drama Critics Circle: Past Awards |accessdate=24 Dec 2017 }}</ref>
* 1985 [[35th Berlin International Film Festival|Berlin Film Festival]] [[Golden Bear]] for ''[[Wetherby (film)|Wetherby]]''<ref name="Berlinale">{{cite web |url=http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1985/03_preistr_ger_1985/03_Preistraeger_1985.html |title=Berlinale: 1985 Prize Winners |accessdate=2011-01-13 |work=berlinale.de}}</ref>
* 1990 [[Laurence Olivier Award]] for Best New Play for ''Racing Demon''
* 1990 London Theatre Critics' Award for Best Play for ''Racing Demon''
* 1995 [[Evening Standard Awards|''Evening Standard'' Award]] for Best Play for ''[[Pravda (play)|Pravda]]''
* 1997 New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Foreign Play for ''Skylight''<ref name=nydcc/>
* 1999 New York Drama Critics' Circle Special Citation for ''Amy's View'', ''The Blue Room'', and ''Via Dolorosa''<ref name=nydcc/>
* 1999 [[Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show]] for ''Via Dolorosa''
* 2011 [[PEN/Pinter Prize]]
 
==References==
{{Reflist}}
 
== External links ==
{{wikiquote|David Hare (dramatist)}}
* {{IMDb name|2376|David Hare}}
* {{British council|id=david-hare|name=Sir David Hare}}
* {{IBDB name}}
* [http://research.hrc.utexas.edu:8080/hrcxtf/view?docId=ead/00052.xml&query=david%20hare&query-join=and David Hare Collection], [http://research.hrc.utexas.edu:8080/hrcxtf/view?docId=ead/00267.xml&query=david%20hare&query-join=and Additional Papers] at the [[Harry Ransom Center]] at the [[University of Texas at Austin]]
*[http://www.nybooks.com/authors/15135 David Hare] - contributor page at ''[[The New York Review of Books]]''
* Archival material at {{wikidata|qualifier|property|P485|Q24568958|P856|format=\[%q %p\]}}
 
== Награды и номинации ==