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(Նոր էջ «'''Ընտանիք,''' մարդ բանական․ Մարդկային հասարակություն կոնտեքստում ընտանիքը (լատիներեն՝ familia) մար...»:)
 
'''Ընտանիք,''' [[մարդ բանական]]․ Մարդկային հասարակություն կոնտեքստում ընտանիքը (լատիներեն՝ familia) մարդկանց խումբ է՝ կապված կամ արյունակցական կապերով (ճանաչված ծննդով), սերնդով (ամուսնությամբ կամ այլ հարաբերությամբ), կամ համակենտրոնացմամբ (ինչպես ենթադրվում է անգլերեն ընտանիք բառի ստուգաբանության), կամ էլ այս ամենի համակցություն։ ընտանիքի անդամները կարող են լինել ամուսիններ, [[Ծնող|ծնողներ]], եղբայրներ, քույրեր, որդիներ և դուստրեր։ Մեծ ընտանիքի անդամները կարող են լինել տատիկ-պապիկներ, մորաքույր կամ հորաքույրեր, քեռիներ կամ հորեղբայրներ, զարմիկներ կամ զարմուհիներ, եղբորորդիներ և տալեր կամ տեքրեր։ Երբեմն նրանք համարվում են նաև անմիջական ընտանիքի անդամներ՝ կախված անհատի հատուկ հարաբերություններից նրանց հետ։
 
In the context of [[human]] [[society]], a '''family''' (from {{lang-la|familia}}) is a [[Social group|group]] of [[people]] related either by [[consanguinity]] (by recognized birth), [[Affinity (law)|affinity]] (by marriage or other relationship), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family"){{Citation needed|date=February 2018}} or some combination of these.{{Citation needed|date=February 2018}} Members of the immediate famiy may include spouses, parents, brothers, sisters, sons, and daughters.{{Citation needed|date=February 2018}} Members of the extended family may include grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, nephews, nieces, and [[Sibling-in-law|siblings-in-law]].{{Citation needed|date=February 2018}} Sometimes these are also considered members of the immediate family, depending on an individual's specific relationship with them.{{Citation needed|date=February 2018}}
 
In most societies, the family is the principal institution for the [[socialization]] of children. As the basic unit for raising children, [[Anthropologist|anthropologists]] generally classify most family organizations as [[Matrifocal family|matrifocal]] (a mother and her children); conjugal (a wife, her husband, and children, also called the [[nuclear family]]); [[avuncular]] (for example, a grandparent, a brother, his sister, and her children); or [[Extended family|extended]] (parents and children co-reside with other members of one parent's family). Sexual relations among the members are regulated by rules concerning [[incest]] such as the [[incest taboo]].
 
[[Պատկեր:Wm._Riley_Blankinship,_miner,_with_his_children._Koppers_Coal_Division,_Kopperston_Mine,_Kopperston,_Wyoming_County..._-_NARA_-_540984.jpg|ձախից|մինի|A miner with his children]]
 
Although early western [[Cultural anthropologist|cultural anthropologists]] and [[Sociologist|sociologists]] considered family and [[kinship]] to be universally associated with relations by "blood" (based on ideas common in their own cultures) later research<ref name="Schneider p. 182" /> has shown that many societies instead understand family through ideas of living together, the sharing of food (e.g. [[milk kinship]]) and sharing care and [[Nurture kinship|nurture]]. [[Sociologist|Sociologists]] have a special interest in the function and status of family forms in stratified (especially [[Capitalism|capitalist]]) societies.{{citation needed|date=June 2016}}
 
According to the work of scholars [[Max Weber]], [[Alan Macfarlane]], [[Steven Ozment]], [[Jack Goody]] and [[Peter Laslett]], the huge transformation that led to modern marriage in Western democracies was "fueled by the religio-cultural value system provided by elements of [[Judaism]], early [[Christianity]], Roman Catholic canon law and the [[Protestant Reformation]]".<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=3322|title=The Collapse of Marriage by Don Browning – The Christian Century|date=February 7, 2006|website=Religion-online.org|pages=24–28|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070930181232/http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=3322|archivedate=September 30, 2007|accessdate=2007-07-10|deadurl=yes|df=}}</ref>
 
=== Conjugal (nuclear) family ===
The term "[[nuclear family]]" is commonly used, especially in the [[United States of America]], to refer to conjugal families. A "[[Marriage|conjugal]]" family includes only the spouses and unmarried children who are not of age.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/anth370/gloss.html|title=Definitions of Anthropological Terms|last=Smith|first=Court|website=Oregonstate.edu|accessdate=12 April 2017}}</ref>{{failed verification|date=June 2018}} . Some sociologists{{which?|date=June 2018}} distinguish between conjugal families (relatively independent of the kindred of the parents and of other families in general) and nuclear families (which maintain relatively close ties with their kindred).<ref>
Compare:
{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=2zr_AwAAQBAJ|title=A Dictionary of Sociology|date=2014|publisher=Oxford University Press|isbn=978-0-19-968358-1|editor1-last=Scott|editor1-first=John|editor1-link=John Scott (sociologist)|edition=4|series=Oxford paperback reference|location=Oxford|page=237|quote=The conjugal family refers to a family system of spouses and their dependent children. [...] The term nuclear family is used to refer to a unit consisting of spouses and their dependent children. [...]|access-date=2018-06-30}}
 
=== Oedipal family model and fascism ===
{{undue weight|section|date=May 2018}}
The model, common in the western societies, of the family triangle, husband-wife-children isolated from the outside, is also called the ''[[oedipal model]] of the family'', and it is a form of [[patriarchal]] family. Many philosophers and psychiatrists have analyzed such a model.
In such a family, they argue, the young develop in a perverse relationship, wherein they learn to love the same person who beats and oppresses them. They believe that young children grow up and develop loving a person who is oppressing them physically or mentally, and that these children are not taught in a way that will raise affectionate children.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://kirkomrik.wordpress.com/2012/03/31/more-notes-about-family|title=About Family|date=31 March 2012|publisher=Word Press|accessdate=January 8, 2014}}</ref> Such philosophers claim that the family therefore constitutes the first cell of the fascist society, as the children will carry this attitude of love for oppressive figures in their adult life.<ref name="FoucaultPreface" /><ref name="Reich33GermCell">[[Wilhelm Reich]] (1933) ''[[The Mass Psychology of Fascism]]'', Chapter V, ''The Sex-Economic Presuppositions of the Authoritarian Family''</ref> They claim that fathers torment their sons.<ref name="Phillips">John Phillips [http://courses.nus.edu.sg/course/elljwp/anthropology.htm#Structural%20Anthropology Structural Linguistics and Anthropology], courses.nus.edu.sg</ref><ref name="Reich36SexRev" /> Deleuze and Guattari, in their analysis of the dynamics at work within a family, "track down all varieties of fascism, from the enormous ones that surround and crush us to the petty ones that constitute the tyrannical bitterness of our everyday lives".<ref name="FoucaultPreface">Foucault (1984) Preface to the American edition of ''[[Anti-Œdipus]]'' pp. xiii–xvi.</ref>
 
== See also ==
{{Portal|Family}}
 
* [[Childlessness]]
* [[Familialism]]
* [http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_councils/family/documents/rc_pc_family_doc_20001109_de-facto-unions_en.html Family, marriage and "de facto" unions], Vatican.va
 
{{Կաղապար:Մարդու հիմնական իրավունքներ}}
{{Family}}
{{Family rights}}
{{Parenting}}
{{Particular human rights}}
 
{{Authority control}}
 
[[Կատեգորիա:Family| ]]