«Մասնակից:Makruhi/Ավազարկղ ֆ»–ի խմբագրումների տարբերություն

Առանց խմբագրման ամփոփման
(Նոր էջ «thumb|right|A burning torch, discarded on the road in the wake of the [[Lewes Bonfire Night celebrations.]] A '''torch''' is either...»:)
 
[[Image:Lewes Bonfire, discarded torch.jpg|thumb|right|Վառվող ջահ A burning torch, discarded on the road in the wake of the [[Lewes Bonfire Night]] celebrations.]]
 
'''Ջահը''' լինում է կամ փայտյա կապ մետաղյա կոթով իսկ մյուս բոցավառվող նյութի համար տեղ է նախատեսված։ այն նաև նշանակում է բրիտանական անգլերենում փարոս։ Վառվող ջահերն օգտագործվել են պատմության տարբեր ժամանակաշրձաններում տարբեր նպատակներով, արաողությունների, կրոնական կամ խորհրդանշանական իրադարձությունների, ձեռնածություն ցուցադրելու համար։
A '''torch''' is either a wooden or metal rod wrapped at one end with a material that has been impregnated with a [[flammable]] substance and ignited. It also means, in [[British English]], a battery powered portable light source: compare [[flashlight]].
Flaming torches have been used through history and currently for various purposes including use in processions, symbolic or religious events and in [[juggling]] entertainment.
 
==EtymologyԾագումը==
From the Old French "torche" meaning "twisted thing," hence "torch formed of twisted tow dipped in wax," probably from Vulgar Latin *torca, alteration of Late Latin torqua, variant of classical Latin torques "collar of twisted metal," from torquere "to twist". <ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=torch&searchmode=none|work=Etymology|accessdate=18 July 2013}}</ref>
 
[[Image:Firebreathingtorch.JPG|thumb|right|An unlit torch as used for [[fire breathing]].]]
 
==Ջահի կառուցվածքը==
==Torch construction==
 
Torch construction has varied through history depending the torch's purpose. Torches were usually constructed of a wooden stave with one end wrapped in a material which was soaked in a flammable substance. In ancient Rome some torches were made of [[sulfur]] mixed with [[lime (mineral)|lime]]. This meant that the fire would not diminish after being plunged into water.
Modern torches suitable for juggling are made of a wooden and metal or metal only stave with one end wrapped in a Kevlar wick. This wick is soaked in a flammable liquid, usually paraffin ([[kerosene]]).
 
==Խորհրդանիշ==
==Symbolism==
The torch is a common [[emblem]] of both [[Enlightenment in Western secular tradition|enlightenment]] and [[hope]]. Thus the [[Statue of Liberty]], actually "Liberty Enlightening the World", lifts her torch. Crossed reversed torches were signs of mourning that appear on Greek and Roman funerary monuments—a torch pointed downwards symbolizes [[death]], while a torch held up symbolizes life, truth and the regenerative power of flame. The torch is also a symbol used by political parties, for instance by both [[Labour Party (UK)|Labour]] (from 1918 to 1980) and the [[Conservative Party (UK)|Conservatives]] (from 1983 to 2006) in the UK, and the [[Malta Labour Party]]. In the seals of schools in the [[Philippines]], the torch symbolizes the vision of education to provide enlightenment to all the students.
 
==Ջահերի տարբեր գործածությունները==
==Uses of torches==
 
===Օլիմպիական ջահ===
===Olympics===
A torch carried in relay by cross-country runners is used to light the [[Olympic flame]] which burns without interruption until the end of the Games. These torches and relay tradition were introduced in [[1936 Summer Olympics]] by [[Carl Diem]], the chairman of the event because during the duration of the [[Ancient Olympic Games]] in [[Olympia, Greece|Olympia]], a sacred flame burns inside of the temple of Hera, kept in custody by her priestess.
 
===Ձեռնածության ջահ===
===Juggling===
[[Torch (juggling)|Juggling torches]] are often used as a prop in [[toss juggling]]: they can be flipped into the air in an end-over-end motion while being juggled, in the same manner as [[juggling club]]s or [[Knife juggling|juggling knives]], but because of their sound and 'trail of flame', they can appear much more impressive to audiences. To a skilled juggler, there is only a slight chance of being burned, but they are still dangerous.
 
===Հռոմեական կաթոլիկ ծիսակատարության ջահ===
===In Roman Catholic liturgy===
In former times, liturgical torches were carried in Eucharistic processions simply to give light. The Church eventually adopted their use for Solemn High Masses.
 
[[Anglican]]s of the [[High Church]] and some [[Lutheran]]s use torches in some of their liturgical celebrations as well.[[File:George Rennie Cupid Rekindling the Torch of Hymen at the V and A 2008.jpg|thumb|"Carry a torch" may derive from the Greek wedding torch tradition.]]
 
==Զուգորդումներ==
==Associations==
 
===LoveՍեր===
The association of a torch with love may date to the Greek and Roman tradition of a [[wedding torch]],<ref>[http://www.phrases.org.uk/bulletin_board/20/messages/1200.html Re: To "hold a candle" for someone] – [http://www.phrases.org.uk/ The Phrase Finder]</ref>
lit in the bride’s [[hearth]] on her wedding night, then used to light the hearth in her new home. Such a torch is associated with the Greek god of marriage [[Hymen (god)|Hymen]].
</gallery>
 
== Ծանոթագրություններ ==
==See also==
{{ծանցանկ}}
* [[List of light sources]]
 
==Արտաքին հղումներ==
==References==
{{Reflist}}
 
==External links==
{{Wiktionary|carry a torch for}}
{{Wiktionary|torch}}
{{Commons|Torch}}
* [http://www.maternalheart.org/pictures/6-2004-CorpusChristiProc-FirstMass/54-Procession-3-sc.jpg Picture of non-freestanding torches] Antique Liturgical Torches in Procession
* [http://jeff.ostrowski.cc/productions/torch/final/yy4.jpg Picture of non-freestanding torches] Antique Liturgical Torches in Procession
 
[[Կատեգորիա:Լուսավորություն]]
{{Artificial light sources}}
[[Կատեգորիա:Կրակ]]
{{Fire}}
 
[[Category:Lighting]]
[[Category:Fire]]
779

edits