«Կամբոջա»–ի խմբագրումների տարբերություն

Առանց խմբագրման ամփոփման
չ (робот добавил: mn:Камбож)
{{կասկածելի}}
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[[File:Flag of Cambodia.svg|right|200px]]
'''Կամբոջա'''
==Քամբոջա==
Քամբոջայի մասին ընդարձակ հոդված կա [[անգլերեն]] և [[ռուսերեն]] բաժիններում:
 
Հոդվածի տեքստը անգլերեն լեզվով ներկայումս թաքցված է: Հոդված գրելու համար սեղմեք
 
վերը "էդիթ" կոճակը և թաքցված տեքստը նույնպես տեսանելի կդառնա: Սակայն խնդրում եմ
Քամբոջայի մասին ընդարձակ հոդված կա [[անգլերեն]] և [[ռուսերեն]] բաժիններում:
առայժմ ոչինչ մի ջնջեք <!-- --> նշանների արանքում գրված անհասկանալի տեքստից:
Հոդվածի տեքստը անգլերեն լեզվով ներկայումս թաքցված է: Հոդված գրելու համար սեղմեք
Հոդվածը հիմնականում պատրաստ լինելու դեպքում այս ուղերձը թաքնված նյութերի հետ
վերը "էդիթ" կոճակը և թաքցված տեքստը նույնպես տեսանելի կդառնա: Սակայն խնդրում եմ
միասին կջնջվեն:<br>
առայժմ ոչինչ մի ջնջեք <!-- --> նշանների արանքում գրված անհասկանալի տեքստից:
Հոդվածը հիմնականում պատրաստ լինելու դեպքում այս ուղերձը թաքնված նյութերի հետ
միասին կջնջվեն:<br>
 
 
Հոդվածի համար առաջարկվող բովանդակությունը.
 
== Պատմությունը ==
 
 
[[Category:Ասիական երկրներ]]
 
<!-- {{Infobox_Country |
native_name = &#6038;&#6098;&#6042;&#6087;&#6042;&#6070;&#6023;&#6070;&#6030;&#6070;&#6021;&#6016;&#6098;&#6042; &#6016;&#6040;&#6098;&#6038;&#6075;&#6023;&#6070;<br>(Pre&#259;h R&eacute;ach&eacute;anach&acirc;kr K&acirc;mp&#365;chea) |
common_name = Cambodia |
image_flag = Cambodia_flag_large.png |
image_coat = Coa cambodia.jpg |
image_map = LocationCambodia.png |
national_motto = Nation, Religion, King |
national_anthem = [[Nokoreach]] |
official_languages = [[Khmer language|Khmer]] (official) 95%, [[French language|French]], [[English language|English]]|
capital = [[Phnom Penh]] |
capitals_coordinates = |
largest_city = [[Phnom Penh]] |
government_type = [[Democracy|Democratic]] [[constitutional monarchy|const. monarchy]] |
leader_titles = [[King of Cambodia|King]] <br> [[Prime Minister]] |
leader_names = [[Norodom Sihamoni]] <br> [[Hun Sen]] |
area_rank = 87th |
area_magnitude = |
area = 181,040 |
percent_water = 2.5% |
population_estimate = 13,363,421 |
population_estimate_year = July 2004 |
population_estimate_rank = 65th |
population_census = 11,437,656|
population_census_year = 1998|
population_density = 74 |
population_density_rank = 121st |
GDP_PPP_year = 2003 |
GDP_PPP = $29,344 million |
GDP_PPP_rank = 86th |
GDP_PPP_per_capita = $2,189 |
GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = 122nd |
sovereignty_type = [[Independence]] |
established_events = - Declared<br>- Recognised |
established_dates = From [[France]]<br>[[1949]]<br>[[1953]] |
currency = &#6107; [[Riel (currency)|Riel]] <sup>1</sup> |
currency_code = KHR |
time_zone = |
utc_offset = +7 |
time_zone_DST = |
utc_offset_DST = +7 |
cctld = [[.kh]] |
calling_code = 855 |
footnotes = <sup>1</sup> Local currency, although [[United States dollar|US Dollar]]s are widely used.
}}
The '''Kingdom of Cambodia''' ([[Khmer language|Khmer]] short form: '''Kampuchea''') is a [[constitutional monarchy]] in [[Southeast Asia]] with a population of over 13 million people, most of whom are [[Theravada Buddhism|Theravada Buddhists]] of [[ Khmer people|Khmer]] origin. A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as ''Khmer'' or ''Cambodian''.
 
The country is bordered to the west by [[Thailand]], to the north by [[Laos]], to the east by [[Vietnam]] and to the south by the [[Gulf of Thailand]]. Its geography is dominated by the [[Mekong river]] and the [[Tonle Sap]], a lake whose fish account for 60% of the nation's [[protein]] intake. The capital is [[Phnom Penh]]. There are three main political parties, of which the [[Cambodian People's Party]] is the current ruling party.
 
From the [[9th century]] to the [[15th century]] Cambodia was the centre of the [[Khmer Empire]], which for most of this period was based at [[Angkor]]. [[Angkor Wat]], the empire's main temple, remains a symbol of the country and its greatest tourist attraction.
Cambodia was a [[protectorate]] of [[France]] from [[1863]] until independence in [[1953]].
During the [[1970s]] and [[1980s]] the country suffered from [[civil war]] and the [[Khmer Rouge]] [[autogenocide]]. Many people were killed or tortured, or fled abroad as [[refugee]]s. In the [[1990s]], however, Cambodia has gained some stability and has begun rebuilding the [[infrastructure]] that was lost during those years.
 
==Naming==
 
The name Cambodia is derived from that of the ancient Khmer kingdom of Kambuja or Kambujadesa. Kambuja was originally the [[Sanskrit]] name of an early north [[India]]n tribe, which was named after its founder [[Kambu Svayambhuva]]. The French name for Cambodia, ''Cambodge'', was derived from Kambuja. Since independence in [[1953]] the official name of Cambodia has changed several times, going through the following:
 
*''Kingdom of Cambodia'' (French: Royaume du Cambodge);
*''Khmer Republic'' under the rule of [[Lon Nol]] from [[1970]] to [[1975]];
*''Democratic Kampuchea'' under the [[Khmer Rouge]] from 1975 to [[1979]];
*''People's Republic of Kampuchea'' under the [[Vietnam]]-sponsored government of 1979 to [[1989]];
*''State of Cambodia'' (French: L'État du Cambodge, Khmer: Roet Kampuchea) from 1989 to [[1993]];
*''Kingdom of Cambodia'' again since the restoration of the monarchy in 1993.
 
''Kampuchea'' remains the most popular name for the country in the Khmer language. Other names used by Khmers to refer to their country include ''Srok Khmae'' (Khmer state or State of Cambodia) and ''Prateh Khmae'' (Khmer nation or Cambodian nation). The national language is generally referred to as ''Khmer'' rather than ''Cambodian''.
 
==History==
''Main article: [[History of Cambodia]]''
 
The first known advanced civilizations in Cambodia appeared in the [[first millennium]] AD, and from the [[9th century|9th]] to the [[13th century]] the [[Khmer Empire|Khmer]] civilization flourished here.
 
The history of Cambodia can be split into three major sections:
 
===Angkorian===
''Main article: [[Early history of Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Bayon Angkor Relief1.jpg|right|thumb|280px|A [[Khmer]] army going to war against the [[Cham]], from a relief on the [[Bayon]].]]
 
The Angkorian period was in terms of cultural accomplishments and political power the golden age of Cambodia. The kingdom was founded by [[Jayavarman II]], and the Khmer Empire lasted from the early 9th century to the early [[15th century]]. The Khmers had adopted religious ideas and political institutions from India to establish a centralized kingdom which dominated [[Southeast Asia]] for much of this period.
 
The rule of [[Jayavarman VII]] (1181 - ca. 1218) saw the rapid expansion of the empire. Unlike his predecessors, who had adopted the cult of the [[Hindu]] [[devaraja|god-king]], Jayavarman VII was a patron of [[Mahayana Buddhism]].
He started building activity that included the [[Angkor Thom]] complex and the [[Bayon]], a temple whose stone towers bear faces which have been variously identified as [[Avalokitesvara]], the king himself and/or guardians of the [[cardinal point]]s (Kerlogue, p. 109). He also built over 200 rest houses and hospitals throughout his kingdom and maintained a system of roads between his capital and provincial towns. According to historian [[George Coedès]], "No other Cambodian king can claim to have moved so much stone." Often, quality suffered for the sake of size and rapid construction, as is illustrated by the beautiful but poorly constructed Bayon.
 
===French colonial===
''Main article: [[Colonial Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Phnom_Penh_French_Colonial.jpg|right|thumb|280px|French colonial buildings in [[Phnom Penh]]]]
 
After centuries of domination by neighboring [[Siam]] and [[Vietnam]] (a period sometimes called the "[[dark ages of Cambodia]]"), the country was made a French [[protectorate]] in [[1863]] and became part of [[French Indochina]]. Cambodia's chief colonial official was the Résident Supérieur (Resident General), while residents, or local governors, were posted in all the principal provincial centers. In [[1897]] the incumbent Resident General complained to Paris that King [[Norodom I]] was no longer capable of ruling, and received permission to assume the king's authority to issue decrees, collect taxes, and appoint royal officials. Norodom and his successors were thereafter mere figureheads. In the colonial bureaucracy French nationals held the highest positions, while on the lower rungs of the bureaucracy the colonial government preferred to hire Vietnamese.
 
After the [[Second World War]], king [[Norodom Sihanouk]] demanded independence. With the military situation deteriorating throughout Indochina, the French government agreed in [[1953]] to grant full independence to the three states of Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos. King Sihanouk, now a hero in the eyes of his people, returned to Phnom Penh in triumph, and independence day was celebrated on [[November 9]] [[1953]]. Control of residual matters affecting sovereignty, such as financial and budgetary affairs, passed to the new Cambodian state in [[1954]].
 
===Khmer Rouge===
''Main article: [[Democratic Kampuchea]]''
[[Image:Pol=pot.jpg|thumb|180px|The leader of the [[Khmer Rouge]], [[Pol Pot]]]]
 
During the [[Second Indochina War]], the [[Richard Nixon|Nixon]] administration of the [[United States]] conducted massive bombing campaigns in Cambodia. In [[1970]], General [[Lon Nol]] seized power and declared the [[Khmer Republic]]. The government was opposed by the [[nationalist]] and [[communism|communist]] [[Khmer Rouge]], which had gathered strength because of popular resentment against the U.S. bombing and support by communist North Vietnam.
 
Led by the organization's leader, [[Pol Pot]] (Saloth Sar) who later became the [[Prime Minister]] during his rule, the Khmer Rouge captured the capital Phnom Penh in [[1975]] and renamed the country as ''Democratic Kampuchea''. The Khmer Rouge program included:
*closing schools, hospitals and factories;
*abolishing banking and currency;
*outlawing religion;
*confiscating private property; and
*relocating people from urban areas to collective farms where they were subject to forced labour.
 
The Khmer Rouge justified such actions by claiming that the Cambodia was on the brink of [[famine]] due to the American bombing campaigns, and that this required evacuating the cities to the countryside so that people could become self-sufficient. However during the rule of the Khmer Rouge, approximately 1.7 million people were killed. The [[Killing Fields]] shocked journalists and commentators in Western countries, and the government was accused of [[autogenocide]]. In addition to deaths from work exhaustion and starvation, the regime set out to kill anyone suspected of connections with the former government, as well as professionals, intellectuals (Pol Pot defined anyone who wore glasses as automatically an intellectual) and ethnic [[Vietnamese]]. The [[Tuol Sleng Museum]] maintains evidence of this period's history.
 
A [[1978]] Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge from power and forced them towards the western border with Thailand. They continued fighting the Vietnamese-sponsored government for a further 13 years before [[United Nations|UN]]-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some stability. A coalition government, formed after national elections in [[1998]], brought renewed political stability and the surrender of remaining Khmer Rouge forces. However, none of the Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried and convicted of crimes committed during the years in which they held power.
 
==Politics==
''Main article: [[Politics of Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Newcambodiaking.jpg|thumb|140px|The current King of Cambodia, [[Norodom Sihamoni]]]]
 
The country underwent turbulent events from the mid-[[1970s]] until the early [[1990s]], when elections, administered by the United Nations, were held. Since then Cambodia has enjoyed greater stability and peace. One sign of this was the smooth transition from king [[Norodom Sihanouk]] to his son [[Norodom Sihamoni]] on [[October 14]] [[2004]].
 
Cambodia is now a [[constitutional monarchy]] under which executive power is held by the [[prime minister]]. The [[legislature]] comprises a 61-member appointed [[Senate]] and a 123-member [[lower house]], the National Assembly, elected under [[proportional representation]] by popular vote for 5-year terms. The [[judiciary]] is still weak, with all but a handful of lawyers and judges having been killed during the rule of the Khmer Rouge .
 
[[Hun Sen]] of the [[Cambodian People's Party]], or CPP, ousted his former co-prime minister, Prince [[Norodom Ranariddh]] in a short but bloody civil war between the coalition partners in 1997. The CPP went on to win elections held in 1998, again forming a coalition with FUNCINPEC, but this time with Hun Sen as sole prime minister. In the [[2003]] National Assembly election, the CPP won 73 seats with 47% of the vote, the opposition [[Sam Rainsy Party]] 24 seats (22%), and [[FUNCINPEC]] 26 seats (21%). Eleven women were among those elected. Following a year long deadlock during which FUNCINPEC and the Sam Rainsy Party united to oppose the CPP, and prevented it from forming a government, FUNCINPEC switched sides and again joined with the CPP, allowing it to control the two thirds of the seats in the National Assembly needed to form a government.
 
''See also: [[List of political parties in Cambodia]]''
 
==Provinces==
''Main article: [[Provinces of Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Cambodia sm04.png|right|thumb|300px|Map of Cambodia]]
 
Cambodia is divided into 20 provinces (''khett'', singular and plural) and 4 municipalities*(''krong'', singular and plural) it is also divided by District (srok), Communion (khum), Greater districts (khett), sangkat and there are also Islands (kaoh):
 
#Municipalities (Krong):
#*[[Phnom Penh]]
#*[[Preah Seihanu]] (Kampong Som or Sihanoukville)
#*[[Pailin]]
#*[[Keb]]
#Province (Khett):
#*[[Banteay Meanchey]], [[Battambang]], [[Kampong Cham]], [[Kampong Chhnang]], [[Kampong Speu]], [[Kampong Thom]], [[Kampot]], [[Kandal]], [[Kaoh Kong]], [[Kratié]], [[Mondul Kiri]], [[Oddar Meancheay]], [[Pursat]], [[Preah Seihanu]], [[Preah Vihear]], [[Prey Veng]], [[Ratanak Kiri]], [[Siemreap]], [[Stung Treng]], [[Svay Rieng]] and [[Takéo]]
#Islands (Kaoh):
#*[[Kaoh Sess]]
#*[[Kaoh Polaway]]
#*[[Kaoh Rong]]
#*[[Kaoh Thass]]
#*[[Kaoh Treas]]
#*[[Kaoh Traolach]]
 
==Geography==
''Main article: [[Geography of Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Phnom_Penh_Climate.png|right|thumb|400px|Climate of Phnom Penh]]
 
Cambodia has an area of about 181,040 [[square kilometer]]s, sharing an 800-kilometer border with [[Thailand]] on the north and west, a 541-kilometer border with [[Laos]] on the northeast, and a 1,228-kilometer border with [[Vietnam]] on the east and southeast. It has 443 kilometers of coastline along the [[Gulf of Thailand]].
 
The most distinctive geographical feature is the [[lacustrine plain]] formed by the inundations of the [[Tonle Sap]] (Great Lake), measuring about 2,590 square kilometers during the dry season and expanding to about 24,605 square kilometers during the rainy season. This densely populated plain, which is devoted to wet rice cultivation, is the heartland of Cambodia. Most (about 75 percent) of the country lies at elevations of less than 100 meters above sea level, the exceptions being the [[Cardamon Mountains]] (highest elevation 1,771 meters), their north-south extension to the east, the [[Elephant Range]] (elevation range 500-1,000 meters), and the steep escarpment of the [[Dangrek Mountains]] (average elevation 500 meters) along the border with Thailand's [[Isan]] region.
 
Temperatures range from 10&deg;C to 38&deg;C and Cambodia experiences tropical [[monsoon]]s. Southwest monsoons blowing inland bring moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Thailand and [[Indian Ocean]] from May to October, and the country experiences the heaviest precipitation from September to October. The northeast monsoon ushers in the dry season, which lasts from November to March, with the driest period from January to February.
 
==Economy==
''Main article: [[Economy of Cambodia]]''
 
Despite the recent progress, the Cambodian economy continues to suffer from the effects of decades of [[civil war]] and internal strife. The [[per capita income]], is rapidly increasing, but is low compared with other countries in the region. Most rural households depend on [[agriculture]] and its related sub-sectors. [[Rice]], [[fish]], [[timber]], [[garments]] and [[rubber]] are Cambodia's major exports, and the [[United States]], [[Singapore]], [[Japan]], [[Thailand]], [[Hong Kong]], [[Indonesia]] and [[Malaysia]] are its major export partners.
 
The recovery of Cambodia's economy slowed dramatically in 1997-1998 due to the [[Asian financial crisis|regional economic crisis]], civil violence, and political infighting. [[Foreign_Direct_Investment|Foreign investment]] and [[tourism]] also fell off drastically. Since then however, growth has been steady. In 1999, the first full year of peace in 30 years, progress was made on economic reforms and [[economic growth|growth]] resumed at 5.0%. Despite severe flooding, GDP grew at 5.0% in 2000, 6.3% in 2001, and 5.2% in 2002. [[Tourism]] was Cambodia's fastest growing industry, with arrivals increasing from 219,000 in [[1997]] to 1,055,000 in 2004. During [[2003]] and [[2004]] the growth rate remained steady at 5.0%, while in [[2004]] inflation was at 1.7% and exports at $1.6 billion [[United States Dollar|US dollars]]. As of 2004 [[GDP]] was $1900 [[USD]], which ranked it 175th (out of 232) countries [http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/rankorder/2004rank.html].
 
The population lacks education and productive skills, particularly in the poverty-ridden countryside, which suffers from an almost total lack of basic [[infrastructure]]. Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid. The government is addressing these issues with assistance from bilateral and multilateral donors.
 
==Demographics==
''Main article: [[Demographics of Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Cambodia-demography.png|thumb|400px|right|Population growth from Cambodia. From [[1961]] to [[2001]] (In thousands)]]
 
Cambodia is ethnically homogeneous, as more than 90% of its population is of [[Khmer]] origin and speaks the [[Khmer language]], the country's official language. The remainder include Chinese, Vietnamese, [[Cham people|Cham]] and [[Khmer Loeu]].
 
The Khmer language is a member of the [[Mon-Khmer]] subfamily of the [[Austroasiatic language]] group. [[French language|French]] is spoken by many Cambodians as a second-language and is often the language of instruction in various schools and universities. It is also frequently used in government. However, in recent decades, many younger Cambodians, as well as members of the business-classes, have favored learning [[English language|English]] and it is gradually becoming the more widely-known.
 
[[Theravada Buddhism]], suppressed by Khmer Rouge but now revived, is the main religion, but [[Christianity]] is spreading in the country.
 
==Culture==
''Main article: [[Culture of Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Srokkmae.png|thumb|150px|right|"Cambodia" in [[Khmer alphabet|Khmer writing]]]]
 
Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the [[Khmer empire]], has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture which have strongly influenced neighbouring [[Laos]] and [[Thailand]]. Notable recent artistic figures include the singers [[Sinn Sisamouth]], who introduced new musical styles to the country, and later [[Meng Keo Pichenda]].
 
Bonn Om Teuk (Water Festival), the annual boat rowing contest, is the biggest Cambodian holiday. The festival is held at the end of the rainy season when the Mekong river begins to sink back to its normal levels. Approximately 10% of Cambodia's population attends this event each year. Popular games include kicking a ''sey'' (similar to a [[hacky sack]]), [[cockfighting]] and [[soccer]].
 
Rice, as in other South East Asian countries, is the staple grain, while fish from the Mekong and Tonle Sap also form an important part of the diet. The average Cambodian consumes 50kg of fish per year. Some of the fish can be made into [[prahok]] (a Khmer delicacy) for longer storage. Overall, the [[cuisine of Cambodia]] is similar to that of its [[Southeast Asia|Southeast Asian]] neighbours. The cuisine is relatively unknown to the world compared to that of its neighbor [[Thailand]], but has been described as similar to [[Thai cuisine]], though not as spicy.
 
Customary Cambodian teachings include: that if a person does not wake up before sunrise he is lazy; you have to tell your parents or elders where you are going and what time you are coming back home; close doors gently, otherwise you have a bad temper; sit with your legs straight down and not crossed (crossing you legs shows that you are an impolite person); and always let other people talk more than you.
 
==Transportation==
''Main article: [[Transportation in Cambodia]]''
[[Image:Khmer Transport.jpg|thumb|180px|[[Motorbike]] riders in Phnom Penh]]
 
The civil war severely damaged the transportation system, despite the provision of [[USSR|Soviet]] technical assistance and equipment.
Cambodia has two rail lines, totaling about 612 kilometers of single, one-meter-gauge track. The lines run from the capital to [[Preah Seihanu]] on the southern coast, and from Phnom Penh to [[Sisophon]] (although trains often run only as far as [[Battambang]]).
 
The nation's extensive inland waterways were important historically in domestic trade. The [[Mekong]] and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the [[Tonle Sap]] provided avenues of considerable length, including 3,700 kilometers navigable all year by craft drawing 0.6 meters and another 282 kilometers navigable to craft drawing 1.8 meters. Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Kampong Saom, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, located at the junction of the Basak, the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap rivers, is the only [[river port]] capable of receiving 8,000-ton ships during the wet season and 5,000-ton ships during the dry season.
 
The country possesses six commercial [[airport]]s: [[Pochentong International Airport]] near Phnom Penh is the largest, while the others are at [[Siemriep]], Battambang, [[Mondul Kiri]], [[Ratanak Kiri]], and [[Stung Treng]].
 
The locals normally use [[cars]], [[motorbike]]s and [[bus]]es. [[Velotaxi]]s are an additional option often used by visitors.
 
==Foreign relations==
''Main article: [[Foreign relations of Cambodia]]''
 
Cambodia has [[diplomatic relations]] with most countries and is a member of most major international organizations, including the [[United Nations]] and its specialized agencies such as the [[World Bank]] and [[International Monetary Fund]]. Cambodia is an [[Asian Development Bank]] (ADB) member, a member of [[ASEAN]], and joined the [[WTO]] on [[13 October]] [[2004]].
 
The country has several [[border dispute]]s with its neighbours, including disagreements over some offshore islands and sections of the boundary with [[Vietnam]]. and undefined maritime boundaries and border areas with [[Thailand]].
 
In [[January 2003]], there were [[Thailand and Angkor|riots in Phnom Penh]] prompted by comments about [[Angkor Wat]] wrongly attributed by a Cambodian newspaper to a Thai actress: the Thai government sent military aircraft to evacuate Thai nationals and closed its border with Cambodia, while Thais demonstrated outside the Cambodian embassy in [[Bangkok]]. The border was re-opened on [[March 21]], after the Cambodian government paid $6 million [[USD]] in compensation for the destruction of the Thai embassy and agreed to compensate individual Thai businesses for their losses.
 
==Tourism==
[[Image:DCP 4646.sized.jpg|thumb|320px|Tour boats in the [[Tonle Sap]] river]]
 
The tourism industry is the country's second-greatest source of [[hard currency]] after the [[textile]] industry [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2732.htm]. More than 60% of visitor arrivals are to [[Angkor]], and most of the remainder to [[Phnom Penh]] [http://www.mot.gov.kh/statistic.asp]. Other tourist hotspots include [[Kompong Som]] (Cambodia's only port), which has a popular beach.
 
The Angkor Wat temple complex is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture. ''Angkor'' means "city" and ''Wat'' "temple". Out of bounds to tourists during the civil war, it gained particular worldwide attention after featuring in the movie [[Tomb Raider (movie)|Tomb Raider]]. The [[Bayon]], also at Angkor, is located at the center of [[Angkor Thom]]. It has 54 towers, each bearing four smiling faces.
 
Many tourists also visit the [[Tuol Sleng Museum]], the infamous prison of the Khmer Rouge, and [[Choeung Ek]], one of the main [[Killing Fields]]; both display photographs, skulls and bones of victims of the autogenocide. Cambodia is also a major destination for [[sex tourism]], and there is particular concern over child sex and [[sexual slavery|forced prostitution]] [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/943446.stm].
 
==Related topics==
''Main article: [[List of Cambodia-related topics]]''
{{Topics related to Cambodia}}
 
==References==
*Kerlogue, Fiona. ''Arts of Southeast Asia''. Thames and Hudson [[2004]]. ISBN 050020381.
*[[CIA World Factbook]] U.S. Department of State website.
*[http://www.parish-without-borders.net/cditt/cambodia/khculture.htm Cambodian Culture website] Accessed [[December 11]] [[2004]]
*[http://www.tourismcambodia.com Tourism Cambodia] Accessed [[December 11]] [[2004]].
*[http://www.classbrain.com/art_cr/publish/cambodia_economy.shtml Cambodian Economy Information] Accessed [[January 19]] [[2005]].
* [http://www.business-in-asia.com/airports_cambodia.html Business in Asia] report on airports.
* [http://www.ifes.org/eguide/resultsum/cambodia_par03.htm IFES] summary of 2003 legislative election results. Accessed [[January 27]] [[2005]].
* [http://www.mot.gov.kh/statistic.asp Ministry of Tourism] statistics on tourism. Accessed [[January 27]] [[2005]].
* [http://www.ngoforum.org.kh/index.htm NGO Forum on Cambodia] report on 2003 legislative elections. Accessed [[January 27]] [[2005]].
*[http://www.dxing.info/articles/cambodia.dx Radio Broadcasting in Cambodia] Accessed [[January 23]] [[2005]].
 
==External links==
===Official===
{{commons|Cambodia}}
*[http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql1/egov/english/home.frame.html Cambodia.gov.kh] Official Royal Government of Cambodia Website (English Version)
**[http://www.cambodia.gov.kh/unisql2/egov/khmer/home.view.html Cambodia.gov.kh] (Khmer Version)
*[http://www.norodomsihanouk.info King of Cambodia, Norodom Sihanouk] Official Website of former King Norodom Sihanouk
*[http://www.ccc.gov.kh/ Conseil Constitutionnel du Cambodge] Constitution council of Cambodia
*[http://www.cdc-crdb.gov.kh CDC] Council for the Development of Cambodia
*[http://www.nis.gov.kh/ NIS] National Institute of Statistics of Cambodia
*[http://www.moi-coci.gov.kh/culture/ Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts]
*[http://www.mef.gov.kh/ Ministry of Economy and Finance]
*[http://www.camnet.com.kh/moe Ministry of Environment]
*[http://www.maff.gov.kh/ Department of Fisheries]
*[http://www.moc.gov.kh/ Ministry of Commerce]
*[http://www.moeys.gov.kh Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport]
*[http://www.foodsecurity.gov.kh/ Food Security and Nutrition Information System Cambodia]
*[http://www.mptc.gov.kh/ Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications]
*[http://www.mpwt.gov.kh/ Ministry of Public Works and Transport]
*[http://www.mot.gov.kh Ministry of Tourism]
*[http://www.nida.gov.kh/ NiDA] National Information Communications Technology Development Authority
 
===Other===
*[http://www.talesofasia.com/cambodia.htm Tales of Asia] Private website about Cambodia.
*[http://www.BongThom.com BongThom.com] Website with information on the language, food, employment and culture.
*[http://www.khmer.org Khmer people online] Online Khmer community.
*[http://www.artweise.de/kambodscha/index.htm Artweise.de] German website with photos from Cambodia.
*[http://pookaibooks.org/weblog/ Santepheap] A Cambodian weblog.
*[http://www.camweb.org/ Camweb] Cambodia Web. Website of #cambodia on EFNet.
*[http://www.khmerwebsite.com/ Khmerwebsite.com] Khmer Entertainment website (Formerly Somlon.com)
*[http://www.licadho.org/ LICADHO] A Cambodian human rights NGO
*[http://www.cambodiacic.org/ Community Information Web Portal Cambodia] Provide access for Cambodians nationwide, especially those in the provinces, to news and information on a wide range of development-related topics.
*[http://www.yellowpages-cambodia.com/ Yellow Pages Cambodia] Cambodian business directory. Also residential phone number search (white pages) and Cambodia related maps.
*[[Wikitravel:Cambodia]] Travel guide on Cambodia.
 
==Notes==
#A figure of three million deaths between 1975 and 1979 was given by the Vietnamese-sponsored Phnom Penh regime, the PRK. Father Ponchaud suggested 2.3 million; the [[Yale University|Yale]] [http://www.yale.edu/cgp/ Cambodian autogenocide Project] estimates 1.7 million; [[Amnesty International]] estimated 1.4 million ; and the [[United States Department of State]], 1.2 million. Khieu Samphan and Pol Pot, who could be expected to give underestimations, cited figures of 1 million and 800,000, respectively.
 
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[[Category:Southeast Asian countries]]
[[Category:Cambodia]]
[[Category:Monarchies]]
[[Category:ASEAN member states]]
 
 
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